The Coalition and its members track a range of federal programs to prevent and address child abuse.

 

The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA)

Senate HELP Committee, House Committee on Education and the Workforce

The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), first authorized in 1974 (P.L. 93-247), is the only federal legislation exclusively dedicated to the prevention, assessment, identification, and treatment of child abuse and neglect. It represents less than 3 percent of total federal child welfare spending.


Title IV-B of the Social Security Act

Senate Committee on Finance, House Committee on Ways and Means

Title IV-B of the Social Security Act, which comprises five percent of total federal child welfare spending, provides funding for a range of services related to child welfare services, including some prevention services.


Title IV-E of the Social Security Act

Senate Committee on Finance, House Committee on Ways and Means

Title IV-E of the Social Security Act is the largest source of child welfare funding, comprising 55 percent of federal spending on child welfare. It funds services on behalf of children and youth who are in the foster care system, such as payments to foster parents, training and administrative expenses.


Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program (MIECHV)

Senate Committee on Finance, House Committee on Ways and Means

The Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program (MIECHV) was authorized by the Affordable Care Act in 2008 and supported an expansion of evidence-based home visiting programs for vulnerable young families. It is up for reauthorization in 2017.


Head Start and Early Head Start

Senate HELP Committee, House Committee on Education and the Workforce

Head Start and Early Head Start provide early childhood education to vulnerable children, as well as additional support services to their families. 


Child Care Development Block Grant

Senate HELP Committee, House Committee on Education and the Workforce

The Child Care Development Block Grant (CCDBG) provides funding to states for childcare programs for working families on, or transitioning from, public assistance. It was last reauthorized in 2014. 


Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)

Senate Committee on Finance, House Committee on Ways and Means

The Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program, which replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program as a result of welfare reform in 1996, is a block grant program that provides states flexible dollars for a range of services aimed at vulnerable children and families, including child maltreatment prevention. It also is a significant source of funding for the child welfare system, representing 20 percent of total federal child welfare spending.


Title X Family Planning Program and Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program

Senate HELP Committee, House Committee on Energy and Commerce

The Title X Family Planning Program, part of the Public Health Service Act, provides funding to family planning and preventative health care clinics. The Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program supports competitive grants to public and private organizations to provide programs that reduce teen pregnancy. Teen pregnancy is a risk factor for child maltreatment. 


Victims of Child Abuse Act

House Committee on the Judiciary, Senate Committee on the Judiciary

The Victims of Child Abuse Act (VOCA) provides funding to Children's Advocacy Centers (CACs) across the country. CACs are interdisciplinary treatment centers for victims of child sexual abuse. 


Social Services Block Grant (SSBG)

Senate Committee on Finance, House Committee on Ways and Means

The Social Services Block Grant (SSBG) is a flexible source of funding to states for a range of social services, including child abuse prevention and foster care activities. It represents 10 percent of total federal spending on child welfare.